Saskatchewan is the only province with entirely artificial boundaries. It lies between the 49th and 60th parallels of latitude, bordered by the US and the Northwest Territories, and between long 101°30´ and 102° W and 110° W, bordered by Manitoba and Alberta. It was created from the North-West Territories in 1905, at the same time as Alberta, and shares with that province the distinction of having no coast on salt water. The name, which was first used officially for a district of the North-West Territories in 1882, is derived from an anglicized version of a Cree word denoting a swiftly flowing river, which appears in a variety of spellings in early records.


When the prairie region was being made into provinces, the largest part of the old district bearing the name was incorporated into the new province. Saskatchewan, unlike the 3 provinces immediately east of it, is still the same size as it was when created: in round numbers, 1225 km long, 630 km wide across the south and 445 km across the north. Its area is 652 330 km2, of which 12.5% is fresh water.
[Cited: The Canadian Encylopedia 2013]



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